'''Edward Osborne Wilson''' (born June 10, 1929), usually cited as '''E. O. Wilson''', is an American biologist, researcher, theorist, naturalist and author. His biological specialty is myrmecology
, the study of ant
s, on which he is the world's leading expert.
Wilson has been called "the father of sociobiology
" and "the father of biodiversity
advocacy, and his secular humanist|secular-humanist
ideas pertaining to religious and ethical matters.
Among his greatest contributions to ecological theory is the theory of island biogeography
, which he developed in collaboration with the mathematical ecologist Robert MacArthur
, which was the foundation of the development of conservation area design, as well as the unified neutral theory of biodiversity
of Stephen Hubbell